ERIC Number: ED359310
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1992-Sep
Reference Count: N/A
Confronting the Nation's Urban Crisis: From Watts (1965) to South Central Los Angeles (1992).
Peterson, George E.; And Others
What has been learned about making cities better since civil disturbances first arose in American cities is summarized, and guidelines are offered for constructing an urban agenda for improvement. In some respects the country has made real progress since the Watts riots, but in other areas, conditions are unambiguously worse, with increasing poverty and crime. Cities have returned to an older, multiethnic demography, and these changes, which create the opportunity to forge a truly multiracial society, also contribute to a new dynamic of social tension. The American city is becoming a machine that reinforces inequality. Guidelines for constructing an agenda to address these problems include: (1) choose programs as social investments; (2) define a consistent social contract between society and those who receive government program benefits; (3) attack spatial segmentation; and (4) recognize that all levels of government and the community itself have roles to play. Human investment (immersion programs for children and youth; urban school initiatives; nurturing programs for adolescents; and income, work, and public benefits), investment in cities as places (targeting job creation in inner cities, and making inner city neighborhoods safer), and investment in social mobility are all crucial. Progress will not be possible without strong economic growth, adequate tax support, and leadership at all levels. (SLD)
Descriptors: Crime, Cultural Differences, Demography, Economic Factors, Elementary Secondary Education, Equal Education, Equal Opportunities (Jobs), Ethnic Groups, Poverty, Program Development, Racial Differences, Social Problems, United States History, Urban Problems, Urban Schools, Violence
Publications Office, Urban Institute, P.O. Box 7273, Department C, Washington, DC 20044.
Publication Type: Reports - Evaluative
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: Urban Inst., Washington, DC.