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ERIC Number: ED359221
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1993-Apr
Pages: 13
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: N/A
ISBN: N/A
ISSN: N/A
Identifying Latent Variables Measured by the Study Activity Survey.
Wilhite, Stephen C.; D'Onofrio, Antonia
Possible relationships between student study behaviors and academic achievement were studied in an extension of a large-scale project at the Far West Laboratory. Factor analysis was used to identify latent variables measured by the 76-item Study Activity Survey (SAS) that might be more strongly related to college course achievement than are the individual subscales identified by instrument developers. Subjects were 184 college students in an introductory psychology course. Study activities were assessed with the SAS, and self-efficacy was assessed with a form of the Self-Concept of Academic Ability Test. The Concept Mastery Test, the Adult Nowicki-Strickland Internal-External Control Scale, and the Everyday Memory Questionnaire were also administered. Factor analysis reveals three latent constructs assessed by the SAS (Form R), reconstructive study strategies, study management abilities, and self-evaluation of cognitive ability. However, obtained latent factors for the SAS do not prove to be more potent predictors of achievement than do the original individual subscales of the instrument. This finding raises important issues about predicting achievement among college students and whether self-reports are valid indicators of study activity. Another question is the extent to which course characteristics mediate the relationships among study activities, student characteristics, and course achievement. Four tables present study data. (SLD)
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A