ERIC Number: ED359201
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1993
Attitude Scale Construction: A Review of the Literature.
Dwyer, Evelyn E.
The literature was examined to find studies specifically concerned with the development of instruments designed to measure attitudes. Close attention was paid to procedures used to determine reliability and validity in the development and subsequent use of such instruments. An effort was made to select the most relevant literature from the vast number of studies undertaken to determine attitudes. The review is organized into the following categories: (1) definitions and components of attitudes; (2) the measurement of attitude; (3) techniques for attitude scale construction; (4) test construction statistics; and (5) mathematics related attitude scales. Attitude is often considered to have cognitive, affective, and behavioral components. Information about attitudes is usually gathered through observation and through self-report measures. Advantages and problems of each approach are discussed. An overview is presented of four basic techniques of attitude scale construction: Thurstone scales, Likert scales, Guttman scales, and semantic differential scales. Methods for estimating reliability and validity are reviewed. Attitude scales related to mathematics include those for mathematics anxiety, attitudes toward mathematics, and teacher attitudes. Contains 132 references. (SLD)
Publication Type: Information Analyses
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A