ERIC Number: ED359156
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1992
Reference Count: N/A
Children's Knowledge of Fire Safety: A Report for the New Zealand Fire Service.
Constable, Cheryl; Renwick, Margery
The study reported in this document was conducted to measure the impact of the New Zealand Fire Service's new fire safety program on elementary school students. Firefighters in each fire station and voluntary fire brigade in New Zealand were responsible for arranging a visit to every elementary school within their area to present a learning module. The goal was to teach and demonstrate the use of three procedures: (1) phone 111 (to tell the Fire Service where the fire is); (2) crawl low in smoke (to escape from a room where there are smoke and fumes); and (3) stop, drop, and roll to extinguish the flames if clothing is on fire. A questionnaire was administered to a random sample of 1,014 children to establish their level of fire safety knowledge prior to the introduction of the lessons, and a survey was completed by the principal of each of 47 schools in the sample to find out if fire safety information had been included in the curriculum. It was found that standard (grade) 2 children possess a high level of knowledge of the three procedures of concern to the Fire Service, at least in terms of the questionnaire. It is noted that the high level of correct responses might be due to the forced choice type of questionnaire and that children must be able to demonstrate the correct response in an actual critical situation. From the principals' survey it was found that there had been an increase in Fire Service visits to schools and that fire safety was most often included in the health education curriculum. Copies of the questionnaires and a demonstration schedule are appended. (LL)
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Tests/Questionnaires
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: New Zealand Council for Educational Research, Wellington.
Identifiers - Location: New Zealand