ERIC Number: ED359089
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1993
Multicultural Education: An International Perspective.
The various ways in which countries use their educational systems to socialize ethnic minorities to the dominant culture is the topic of this paper. Different approaches countries have taken toward the education of minorities are identified. In the "recognition approach," the rights of minority languages, culture, and education are acknowledged in national constitutions; for example, India. The "unification approach" has been used in cases of common nationality while preserving different languages and cultures of minority groups. Tanzania and its official language Kiswahili provide an example of this approach. In the "integration approach," schools, language, and external pressure are brought to bear on the immigrant to integrate into the mainstream of the homogeneous society. The United States, Canada, and Australia have utilized this approach in recent history. The "laissez-faire" approach is prevalent in older countries that have had an influx of immigrants but chose to ignore them until problems became acute and something had to be done. Great Britain is cited as a classic example of this approach. The paper seeks to clarify the concepts of multicultural education and intercultural education, and discusses the problems multicultural education has encountered in trying to achieve legitimation. (Contains 33 references.) (DB)
Publication Type: Information Analyses; Reports - Descriptive
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A