ERIC Number: ED359046
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1993-Jul
Reference Count: N/A
Philosophical Considerations for Curriculum Development in Environmental Education. The Environmental Outlook: An Informational Bulletin from ERIC/CSMEE.
Horton, Robert L.; Hanes, Susan
This bulletin discusses the aspects of curriculum development that relate to environmental education. The first of five sections establishes the need for curriculum development that addresses the emotional, cultural, and sociological factors that influence the curriculum framework in view of the need for educational reform. The second section examines the necessary framework to establish these components within environmental curricula. The third sections presents three curriculum paradigms: Positivism, Phenomenological/Interpretive, and Critical. The strengths and weaknesses of each paradigm are discussed. The fourth section discusses epistemology in environmental curricula. Having established a foundation on what knowledge is or is not, the fifth section discusses the use of metaphor as a link to experiential methods of learning. The document concludes that environmental education is an interdisciplinary process that needs a holistic approach taking into account the individual's values, culture, goals, abilities, and a subjective evaluation of the external situation. (Contains 13 references.) (MDH)
Descriptors: Curriculum Development, Educational Change, Educational Philosophy, Educational Principles, Elementary Secondary Education, Environmental Education, Epistemology, Interdisciplinary Approach, Metaphors, Models, Teaching Methods
ERIC Clearinghouse for Science, Mathematics, and Environmental Education, 1929 Kenny Road, Columbus, Ohio 43210-1080 ($1.50).
Publication Type: ERIC Publications; Opinion Papers
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: Office of Educational Research and Improvement (ED), Washington, DC.
Authoring Institution: ERIC Clearinghouse for Science, Mathematics, and Environmental Education, Columbus, OH.