ERIC Number: ED359011
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1991
Reference Count: N/A
Latino Child Poverty in the United States.
Miranda, Leticia C.
Poverty among Latino children has soared during the past decade, accounting for half of the total growth in the number of American children who are poor. One in three Latino children was living in poverty as of 1989. Many Latino children are poor despite their parents' best efforts to pull their families out of poverty and despite the fact that they are "playing by the rules." Poor Latino children often live with both parents and have at least one employed parent. Immigrant Latinos are even more likely than U.S.-born Latinos to exemplify traditional work and family values, as indicated by high rates of male labor-force participation and low levels of out-of-wedlock childbearing. Contrary to typical stereotypes of unwillingness to work, key factors contributing to high Latino child poverty rates include: (1) parents' low hourly earnings; (2) parents' low educational attainment; (3) Latina women's smaller likelihood of working outside the home; and (4) widespread employment discrimination. Regardless of race or ethnicity, poor children are much more likely than nonpoor children to suffer developmental delay and damage, to drop out of high school, and to give birth during the teen years. Because Latino children represent the fastest growing group of children and the future workforce, it is in the United States' self-interest to ensure that they mature into productive adults. This report includes data on Latino population trends, labor force participation, birth rate, teenage births, poverty rate, income, place of residence, health insurance coverage, female-headed families, educational attainment, female employment, family size, and receipt of government assistance. (KS)
Publication Type: Information Analyses
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: Prudential Foundation, Newark, NJ.
Authoring Institution: Children's Defense Fund, Washington, DC.