ERIC Number: ED359003
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1993-Mar
The 21st Century and Secondary School At-Risk Students: What's Ahead for Teachers in Rural America?
Pittman, Robert B.
This paper discusses several demographic, economic, and technological trends with implications for rural education and dropout rates in the coming decades. As the American population ages, the focus of public policy will shift from youth services to health, safety, and environmental issues. This shift is likely to result in lower levels of funding for public education, and in environmental regulations that may depress certain rural economies. In addition, a national trend toward reductions in agricultural, mining, resource-related, and manufacturing jobs will have disproportionate effects on rural areas where such jobs are concentrated. Some rural areas will be able to offset job losses because of proximity to a metropolitan area with a growing number of service jobs. Other rural areas can anticipate a continuation of higher poverty and unemployment in rural than nonrural areas, a trend suggesting greater family instability in affected rural areas. On the other hand, technology holds promise as a base for the diversification of rural economies and as a means for expanding instruction in small rural schools. A model posits that the dropout decision is highly dependent on the student's academic and social integration. Future trends could influence rural student integration: negatively, through larger classes, larger schools, less opportunities for extracurricular participation, and unstable home environment; or positively, by stimulating student interest through new technologies. (SV)
Publication Type: Information Analyses; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: In: Montgomery, Diane, Ed. Rural America: Where All Innovations Begin. Conference Proceedings (Savannah, GA, March 11-13, 1993); see RC 019 153.