ERIC Number: ED358978
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1992
Reference Count: N/A
Education and Economic Development in Rural Appalachia.
Johnson, Thomas G.; Broomhall, David E.
Long-term underinvestment in education in central Appalachia has resulted in a work force that is not highly adaptable to employment in other areas besides coal-based industries. Employers who require skilled workers and who pay higher wages are discouraged from locating in the area by a less educated work force. This study identifies factors that influence high school students' decisions to obtain additional education. It also examines the system of incentives in Appalachia that might discourage students from performing well scholastically. Data were collected through group interviews with 744 high school seniors and 560 parents in 12 high schools in 4 rural school districts in Appalachia. The survey was also administered to high school dropouts of the same cohort and their parents. Participants expressed their attitudes about education, willingness to move away to get preferred jobs, and perceptions of local job opportunities. Multiple regression analysis found that students willing to move and perceiving local job opportunities to be scarce performed better at school. Also, students who placed a higher value on education performed better academically. (LP)
Descriptors: Academic Achievement, Education Work Relationship, Educational Attainment, Educational Attitudes, Employment Opportunities, High School Students, High Schools, Human Capital, Parent Attitudes, Rural Education, Rural to Urban Migration, Socioeconomic Background, Student Attitudes, Values
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: Southern Rural Development Center, Mississippi State, MS.