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ERIC Number: ED358945
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1993-Mar
Pages: 12
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: N/A
Does Sentential Prosody Improve Two-Month Olds' Memory for Speech?
Mandel, Denise; And Others
This study investigated two-month-old infants' memory for phonetic information using the high-amplitude-sucking procedure (HAS). Specifically, the study explored whether the availability of prosodic organization enhances infants' memory for the phonetic information they hear. After a baseline measure was obtained, infant sucking resulted in a sentence or a list being played. During this pre-shift phase, infants repeatedly heard either a single sentence or a list sequence. When infants habituated to this stimulus, the phase ended and was followed by a two-minute silent interval. During this time infants were shown colorful slides, and sucking did not produce a sentence or list sequence. At the end of this interval, infants heard either the same stimulus as in the pre-shift phase (control condition), one which differed by only one phoneme (one phonetic change condition), or one which differed by two phonemes (two phonetic change condition). Results revealed that infants who heard sentences (as opposed to lists) showed a significantly higher recovery of sucking in the post-shift phase, indicating that they were better remembering the phonetic information they heard prior to shift. Results demonstrated that prosody might serve as a first step for infants trying to acquire native language. (MM)
Publication Type: Speeches/Meeting Papers; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A