ERIC Number: ED358943
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1993-Mar
Effects of Misleading Postevent Information on Children's Memory.
Schwartz-Kenney, Beth M.; Buford, Katherine B.
This study examined the influence of misleading information on children's memory of a real-life event. After participating in a play session, 10 three-year-old children and 10 six-year-old children heard a narrative that included inaccurate information about the play session. The children were then presented with items from the play session (event items), items from the narrative (suggested items), and novel items that were not present during the play session or narrative. Children were instructed to respond with a yes or no to indicate if they remembered seeing the item during the play session. Children's memories for control items were compared to their memories for misled items. Results illustrated that misinformation effects were dependent upon age group and type of measure used to assess memory impairment. Only younger children evidenced significantly poorer performance on misled event items compared to control event items. However, no significant effect due to item type emerged when measuring misinformation interference, a measure believed to eliminate bias. (MM)
Publication Type: Speeches/Meeting Papers; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Grant or Contract Numbers: N/A
Note: Paper presented at the Biennial Meeting of the Society for Research in Child Development (60th, New Orleans, LA, March 25-28, 1993).