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ERIC Number: ED358928
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1993-Mar
Pages: 11
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: N/A
Sex Typing in Stories and Comprehension, Recall, and Sex Typed Beliefs in Preschool Children.
Quay, Lorene C.; And Others
This study investigated effects of two story characteristics on preschool boys' and girls' comprehension and recall of stories and their sex-typed beliefs and attitudes. The two story characteristics were the portrayal of the main character as either a male or female and the engagement of the main character in either male or female sex-stereotyped activity. Subjects, 25 boys and 34 girls between four and six years of age, were read two stories, one about a person in a female sex-stereotyped occupation (a nurse), the other about a person in a male sex-stereotyped occupation (an airline pilot). Each story had two versions, with either a male or female main character. Immediately following the story reading, children were administered a questionnaire to measure comprehension, recall, and sex-typed beliefs about the occupations. To measure recall and stability of attitude, children were administered the same questionnaire one week after the story reading. Results showed that both boys and girls scored higher on comprehension and recall when the main character was a female. For the pilot story, no significant differences were found. For both stories, sex-typed beliefs about occupations were affected differently, depending on the child's sex and the sex of the story's main character. (MM)
Publication Type: Speeches/Meeting Papers; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A