ERIC Number: ED358926
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1993-Mar
Differential Socialization of Only and First-Born Children.
Rosenberg, B. G.; Hyde, Janet S.
To examine socialization practices of mothers and fathers toward first-born children with and without a sibling, this study surveyed 151 adult first-born children (22 only-child females, 59 females with a sibling, 25 only-child males, and 45 males with a sibling) who completed a child-rearing practices report for each of their parents. The child-rearing practices report consisted of seven factors: (1) emphasis on achievement; (2) authoritarian control; (3) expression of affect; (4) encouragement of independence; (5) overinvestment in the child; (6) protectiveness of the child; and (7) suppression of aggression. Subjects also completed self-descriptions. Results indicated that parents did not discriminate on the basis of their child's sex on practices emphasizing achievement, independence, and overprotectiveness, though first-borns received more encouragement for independence from both parents than did only-children. Generally, results indicated that fathers showed more differential treatment based on the sex of the child than did mothers, with greater openness in expressing affect and greater investment in daughters than sons. Parents showed greater authoritarian control toward boys than girls, and more control with female only-children than female first-borns. (MM)
Publication Type: Speeches/Meeting Papers; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A