ERIC Number: ED358907
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1993-May
Reference Count: N/A
Improving the Performance of the Hispanic Community College Student. ERIC Digest.
Avalos, Juan; Pavel, D. Michael
Community colleges play a major role in improving the access of Hispanic students to higher education, with roughly 56% of all college-going Hispanics attending these institutions. Relatively few however, have attained a postsecondary degree of any kind. A study of 145 community colleges found that Hispanic student retention was influenced by such factors as financial aid grants, career counseling into selective programs and participation in English-as-a-Second-Language (ESL) and Hispanic Studies classes. Two successful retention programs, the Puente Project and the Enlace program, incorporate multiple elements associated with increased Hispanic retention. The Puente Project is a state-wide community college program in California employing specially trained English instructors, Hispanic counselors, and Hispanic corporate professionals acting as mentors. The Enlace program at Evergreen Valley College (EVC) in California, extended the college's Puente Project to include a focus on improving math skills. A study conducted at EVC showed that between 1983 and 1986, Puente students had higher course completion rates in English, earned more degrees, and had higher transfer rates than other Hispanic students at the college. A study of Enlace students at EVC revealed higher math completion rates than the Hispanic general student population. Suggestions for improving Hispanic student transfer rates include strengthening of articulation agreements with four-year institutions, improving the peer support system, and increasing the representation of Hispanic role models in staff and administrative positions. (PAA)
Descriptors: Academic Achievement, Academic Persistence, Ancillary School Services, College Transfer Students, Community Colleges, Counseling Services, Educational Research, English (Second Language), Hispanic Americans, Mentors, Program Descriptions, Role Models, School Holding Power, Two Year College Students, Two Year Colleges
Publication Type: ERIC Publications; ERIC Digests in Full Text
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: Office of Educational Research and Improvement (ED), Washington, DC.
Authoring Institution: ERIC Clearinghouse for Junior Colleges, Los Angeles, CA.