ERIC Number: ED358891
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1993-Jun-21
Institutional Effectiveness: A Maturing Movement. Where Do We Go from Here?
Hudgins, James L.
Over the past 10 years, there has been an increasing demand for educational institutions to demonstrate greater accountability for students' learning. Those working in post-secondary institutions initially felt that this did not apply to them, but, with the public perception of elementary, secondary, and postsecondary education as one system, there emerged a new interest among colleges and universities in accountability efforts. Now, in the eighth year of the assessment movement, over 40 states have educational mandates for measuring institutional effectiveness; all six accrediting regions have incorporated assessment of student learning as a condition for accreditation; and in a 1991 survey, 90% of responding colleges reported that they are doing something in the area of assessment. While some exemplary assessment practices can be identified, the majority of institutions are making "minimalist" efforts. There are three major difficulties in implementing accountability efforts at the state level: the inability of institutions to produce evidence of effective performance, uneven institutional responses, and poor communication. However, one group of colleges has developed an action plan. A task force of practitioners and researchers are developing a model of effectiveness for two-year colleges, and have identified the following core effectiveness indicators: career preparation, transfer preparation, developmental education, general education, customized education, community development, and student progress. Twenty-six transparency masters are included. (PAA)
Descriptors: College Planning, Community Colleges, Educational Assessment, Educational Change, Educational Trends, Higher Education, Institutional Mission, Instructional Effectiveness, Models, Organizational Effectiveness, Outcomes of Education, Role of Education, School Effectiveness, Two Year Colleges
Publication Type: Opinion Papers; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Paper presented at the Summer Institute of the Community College Consortium (5th, Madison, WI, June 21, 1993).