ERIC Number: ED358783
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1993-Jun-12
Shaping Graduate Education's Future: Implications of Demographic Shifts for the 21st Century.
Brazziel, William F.
Due to demographic changes and trends now in progress graduate education delivery systems for students, teachers, and support providers will all be different in the future. Demographics will be the engine of change and the change itself will come rapidly as countries take steps to maintain and expand competitive skills in their work forces. There will be an increase in graduate courses offered through distance education and more older and minority students in gradate study. Research universities can increase graduate student enrollment by enhancing undergraduate teaching and advising. Demographic data indicates an imminent shortage of students starting graduate studies. Research on interest in graduate study among working people found that student financial support was a key to moderating shortfalls in doctoral starts. Birth cohort trends may bring a return to enrollment "normalcy" sometime in the first quarter of the next century. However, future economic shifts will affect birth cohort size. The Life Chance Theory suggests that young people facing uncertain economic futures postpone marriage and child bearing and birth cohorts are smaller. This demographic cycle is beyond the control of educational institutions. They must find ways to adjust by tapping new markets and working on retention. (JB)
Publication Type: Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Conference of the Canadian Society for the Study of Higher Education (Ottawa, Ontario, Canada, June 10-12, 1993).