ERIC Number: ED358750
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1993-Jul
Reference Count: N/A
Current Terms in Adult ESL Literacy. ERIC Digest.
This digest defines the concepts of "whole language,""learner-centered," and "participatory," and discusses their application to adult learning in ESL literacy programs. All three approaches advocate that the learner should inform literacy instruction with his or her own particular input, that learners and their background knowledge and experiences should be respected and valued and that learning activities should be relevant to learners' personal situations. The three approaches also differ: "whole language" works from whole to part and emphasizes function over form; "learner-centered" is concerned with collaborative decision-making about the curriculum; and "participatory" focuses on literacy as a vehicle for personal and social change. (Contains 12 references.) (Adjunct ERIC Clearinghouse on Literacy Education) (LET)
Descriptors: Adult Basic Education, Adult Literacy, English (Second Language), Literacy Education, Second Language Instruction, Second Language Learning, Student Centered Curriculum, Student Participation, Student Role, Teacher Role, Teaching Methods, Whole Language Approach
NCLE, Center for Applied Linguistics, 1118 22nd Street, N.W., Washington, DC 20036.
Publication Type: ERIC Publications; ERIC Digests in Full Text
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: Office of Educational Research and Improvement (ED), Washington, DC.
Authoring Institution: National Clearinghouse on Literacy Education, Washington, DC.; Adjunct ERIC Clearinghouse on Literacy Education for Limited-English-Proficient Adults, Washington, DC.