ERIC Number: ED358595
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1993-Mar
Stability and Change in the Adaptation of Families of Children with Disabilities.
Krauss, Marty Wyngaarden
This study tracked parental stress among 115 mothers of infants and toddlers with disabilities to evaluate patterns of stability and change in parental adaptation during the early childhood period. Parents were given the Parenting Stress Index three times: upon entry into an early intervention program, 1 year later, and when the child reached age 3. Overall, stability in maternal adaptation was found more commonly than dramatic change. Other measures given included the Family Environment Scale and the Child Behavior Checklist. The study also looked at maternal depression and maternal stress associated with a sense of competence as a parent. Although the study did not find more overall depression or feelings of incompetence in these mothers, five factors affecting parental adaptation were identified: (1) family income, (2) significant negative life events that were not (presumably) related to the child, (3) the perceived helpfulness of the support received by the mother, (4) the extent to which the mother viewed her family as a cohesive supportive unit, and (5) the level of the child's behavior problems. Overall, 31 percent of the variance in maternal depression scores and 35 percent of variance in maternal sense of competence were explained by the five variables used in the analysis. The largest single contributing factor to variance was child behavior problems. (Contains 5 tables.) (DB)
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: Health Resources and Services Administration (DHHS/PHS), Rockville, MD. Bureau of Maternal and Child Health and Resources Development.; Brandeis Univ., Waltham, MA. Florence Heller Graduate School for Advanced Studies in Social Welfare.
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the Society for Research in Child Development (60th, New Orleans, LA, March 25-28, 1993).