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ERIC Number: ED358497
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1991-Oct
Pages: 439
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: N/A
A Study To Identify and Analyze the Perceived Nature and Causes of the English Language-Based Problems and the Coping Strategies of the Indonesian and Malaysian Students Studying in an American University.
Ali, M. Solaiman
A study investigated the nature and causes of the English language-based problems and the coping strategies of 44 Indonesian and 57 Malaysian students studying at Indiana University, Bloomington. The Indonesian and Malaysian student groups represented non-Commonwealth and Commonwealth students sharing the same native language roots but differed in terms of past exposure to the English language. Data included responses to a questionnaire, substantive personal interviews, observation of selected students in their classrooms, and assessment of samples of selected students' essays and lecture notes. Results indicated that the following factors had significant association with some specific English language-based problems: nationality; age; field of study; marital status; and speaking English at home. Results also indicated that the subjects' problems differed significantly in terms of the following variables: (1) educational level; (2) prior use of English as a medium of instruction; (3) residence in an English-speaking country before beginning studies in the United States; and (4) length of stay in the United States. Coping strategies the students found to be effective included: watching television, listening to the radio, and reading to improve English vocabulary; sharing and discussing communication problems; forming study groups; and carefully monitoring deadlines. Findings suggest an urgent need for further research and training concerning the English language-based problems (verbal and non-verbal communication, academic discussions, study skills, and reading comprehension and speed) of such students. (Ninety tables of data are included; 69 references, the questionnaire, classroom observation schedule, permission and consent forms, and two charts of data are attached.) (Author/RS)
Publication Type: Dissertations/Theses - Doctoral Dissertations
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A