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ERIC Number: ED358473
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1993-Apr
Pages: 45
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: N/A
Effects of Keyboarding/Typewriting on the Language Arts Skills of Elementary School Students.
Borthwick, Arlene Grambo
Forty-one research studies completed between 1929 and 1983 investigated the effects of typewriting on the development of children's language arts skills. Information about each of the studies was entered in a Lotus 1-2-3 database containing 43 fields. Effect sizes were calculated for 21 studies. The collected evidence suggests a small positive effect of the use of typewriters on reading, word identification, syntax, and spelling skills. The study reveals a greater potential positive effect on the development of writing skills. Subjective reports favored the typewriter as a motivating tool. Students in the primary grades can be expected to profit most from typewriting; touch typing yielded no more significantly positive results than the hunt-and-peck method. Increased access to computer applications software in the classroom makes efficient use of the keyboard an issue. Since time spent in keyboarding/typewriting instruction and practice during the school day has--at the least--no ill effects on academic achievement, concern about scheduling constraints may be alleviated. (Six tables of data and four figures are included. A 55-item bibliography is attached.) (SAM)
Publication Type: Reports - Evaluative; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A