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ERIC Number: ED358405
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1993
Pages: 8
Abstractor: N/A
Predictors of Adolescent Self Appraisal: Perceptions of Television Characters vs. Peers.
Carbonneau, Michael R.; And Others
The images of life conveyed by television appear to have substantial impact on the expectations and standards that guide teenagers' choices and that shape their sense of satisfaction with their own life circumstances. This study compared the perceptions of 5th through 11th grade adolescents (N=133) of their own life experiences with those of their favorite television characters and the adolescent's closest friends. The congruence between the subjects' own personal experience of family restrictiveness, criticism, punitiveness, and sex roles and the experiences of both television characters and the adolescents' peers was assessed. The relationship between any incongruence and reported dissatisfaction was investigated in order to estimate the relative importance of television and peer role models. The influence of television and peers on body image and smoking was investigated. The relative importance of exposure to televised and real-life role models was assessed by considering the individual that the adolescent reported admiring most. Findings revealed that, although dissatisfaction was associated with wishing one's own life more closely resembled television, the overall television-self experience discrepancy scores were not related to family dissatisfaction. This suggests that adolescents may not use the specific family experiences they observe on television in establishing the standards against which they evaluate their own circumstances. (Author/NB)
Publication Type: Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Grant or Contract Numbers: N/A