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ERIC Number: ED358404
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1992-Mar
Pages: 12
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: N/A
ISBN: N/A
ISSN: N/A
Eating Disorders and Sexual Abuse among Adolescents.
Hernandez, Jeanne
This study was conducted to examine the list of identifying factors and predictors of childhood physical abuse, extrafamilial sexual abuse, and incest among male and female adolescents in the general population. In 1989, a survey was administered to 6,224 9th and 12th grade students in public schools in Minnesota. The findings revealed that more American Indian and African American than White adolescents reported the three types of abuse (incest, extrafamilial sexual abuse, physical abuse). Physically and sexually abused males and females more often reported eating disorders. Females and minority adolescents also were more likely to report more eating disorders. Adolescents with eating disorders reported lower self-esteem, more stress, more anxiety, more hopelessness, and more suicide ideation than did their peers. Having an eating disorder correlated with cigarette use, alcohol consumption, hard drug use, and sexual activity. Adolescents with eating disorders also were more likely to have family histories of alcoholism and drug addiction. All of these variables were also significantly related to histories of physical abuse, extrafamilial sexual abuse, and incest. Findings were significant for males as well as for females. More sexually abused males and females were overweight than were their peers, although obesity was related to incest among females only. Underweight males and females were more likely to be physically abused and underweight males were more likely to have been sexually abused extrafamilially. (NB)
Publication Type: Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: Minnesota