ERIC Number: ED358382
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1993-Mar
Cheating in College Is for a Career: Academic Dishonesty in the 1990s.
Davis, Stephen F.
Academic dishonestly appears to be a perennial problem associated with higher education. The analysis presented in this paper is a composite of the results of two questionnaires administered to students at a variety of institutions--large state schools, medium state schools, large private schools, small private schools, as well as several two-year schools. The findings suggest that women report lower cheating rates than men and that the percentages of men and women at small, private liberal arts colleges who report having cheated in college is significantly lower than the percentages of their counterparts who report having cheated at larger institutions. Cheating to improve grades was found to be a leading motivator. Using crib notes and cheat sheets and copying answers from nearby papers were the two most frequently reported methods of cheating. Students listed a variety of other creative methods of cheating as well. Other parts of this paper look at the responsibility of the faculty and the institution to respond to cheating, how to discourage cheating in the classroom and punishment for cheating. While certain external preventative measures may deter cheating, the data indicates that what is really needed is the development in students of an internalized code of ethics which is opposed to cheating. It is suggested that a theory of understanding is needed, a model that naturally resists cheating because cheating deprives individuals of opportunities to test their personal theories of understanding. Understanding is required for competence, and competence for success, and if educators personally subscribe to this model and teach it with fervor to their students, academic dishonesty may be reduced. (NB)
Publication Type: Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the Southeastern Psychological Association (39th, Atlanta, GA, March 24-27, 1993).