ERIC Number: ED358381
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1993-Mar
The Job Interview: An Employer Preview.
Grossnickle, W. F.; And Others
This study was conducted to evaluate the effects of the job interview on the attitudes of applicants, those who were hired and those who were not, and to offer employers suggestions for the interview process. The potential previewing effects of discriminatory interviewing techniques were also assessed. Questionnaires were sent to 134 individuals who applied for full-time, entry level direct care positions at a large state-operated residential facility for mentally retarded persons in the southeastern United States. Sixty-four of the subjects were hired by the facility, 70 were not hired. Across both groups 59% were female and 58% were black. The findings suggested no significant interaction effects for sex, race, or job status. Although the results demonstrated no significant main effects for sex or race, a main effect for job status was revealed, such that the attitudes of the hired group were significantly higher than those of applicants who were not hired. Higher scores indicated a more positive attitude toward the interview. Although the interview process was rated less favorably by those individuals not hired, that group tended also to rate the interview in a positive direction. The findings suggest that employers need to formulate more effective strategies to deal with interviewer compliance to organizational goals and to Equal Employment Opportunity Commission guidelines. (NB)
Publication Type: Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the Southeastern Psychological Association (39th, Atlanta, GA, March 24-27, 1993).