ERIC Number: ED358316
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1992-Sep
Reference Count: N/A
Child Care Costs as a Barrier to Women's Employment. Final Report.
A study focused on how child care costs may restrict women's employment prospects, in terms of their current employment status and the amount of time they spend in paid work. It compared the effects of four dimensions of child care costs on women's labor supply: market price of care within a local area, amount of money parents spend on child care, women's perceptions of the price of substitute care, and availability of relatives for providing child care. The analysis used the most up-to-date nationally representative data on child care--National Child Care Survey 1990 and A Profile of Child Care Settings Study--in conjunction with a contextual file of county-level information. The sample consisted of 2,241 mothers with a child under age 5 and 1,739 mothers with a child aged 5-12. Logistic regression models estimated how various indicators of price of care, availability of relatives, human capital factors, family characteristics, and local economic and social conditions affected likelihood of women's employment. Tobit analyses evaluated how the same set of explanatory factors influenced the number of hours that women spend in paid work. Findings were as follows: the effects of child care price on women's labor supply were sensitive to measurement of price; women's perceptions about the price of child care were powerful determinants of their labor force participation; and the presence of other adults in the household and availability of relatives encouraged women's employment. (Contains 26 references and 7 companion studies.) (YLB)
Publication Type: Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: Women's Bureau (DOL), Washington, DC.
Authoring Institution: Urban Inst., Washington, DC.