ERIC Number: ED358312
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1991-Jun
Reference Count: N/A
Black Women in the Labor Force. Facts on Working Women No. 90-4.
Women's Bureau (DOL), Washington, DC.
During the 1980s, the population of black women aged 16 years and older in the United States increased by 17.2%, and labor force participation for black women increased by 29%. In 1987, black women accounted for 50% of total black employment. The unemployment rate for black teenagers in 1990 was 30% (versus 10.8% for all black women). Labor force participation by black women increased from 53.1% in 1980 to 57.8% in 1990. Predictably, black women with more years of schooling have higher labor force participation rates. Increasing numbers of black women are entering higher paying and career-oriented managerial and professional specialty occupations, and many black women are becoming entrepreneurs. Total earnings for black women who worked 50 weeks or more in 1989 averaged $17,389 (up 63% from 1980). Between 1980 and 1990, the number of black families maintained by women rose 34.3%. Since 1980, families headed by black females have experienced a 54.9% increase in income. By 1987, there were 21,000 more black women in the work force than black men. This trend should continue through the end of this century. (MN)
Publication Type: Numerical/Quantitative Data
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: Women's Bureau (DOL), Washington, DC.