ERIC Number: ED358309
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1989-Aug
Reference Count: N/A
Working Mothers and Their Children. Facts on Working Women No. 89-3.
Women's Bureau (DOL), Washington, DC.
In 1988, 65% of mothers with children under the age of 18 were in the labor force. Regardless of marital status, mothers are very active in the labor force and contribute significantly to family income. On average, female-headed households earned 56% of the amount married-couple families earn. Families maintained by women represented 52% of all families below the poverty level in 1987. Mothers were most likely to be employed if divorced (75.1%) or in married-couple families (61.9%). Regardless of marital status, mothers with older children were more likely to be employed than were mothers with younger children. The labor force activity of the nearly 10 million mothers with children under 3 has increased substantially from 1978 to 1988 (from 39.1 to 52.5%). As of 1988, most of the country's nearly 600,000 teenage mothers had not completed high school and had an overall unemployment rate of 39.4%. A 1987 nationwide Bureau of Labor Statistics survey reported that 11% of establishments with 10 or more employees provided direct day care benefits and about three-fifths provided at least some indirect day care benefits (in the form of work schedule or leave policies). (MN)
Publication Type: Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: Women's Bureau (DOL), Washington, DC.