ERIC Number: ED358004
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1992
Mentoring, Gender, and Publication among Social, Natural, and Physical Scientists. Final Report.
Grant, Linda; Ward, Kathryn B.
Research has identified mentoring as a critical factor in the entry and survival of women and minorities in the social, natural, and physical sciences where they are underrepresented. Much research and many change-oriented programs in higher education have assumed that the presence of mentors is sufficient to ensure equitable access to scientific careers for women and minorities. Few research studies have explored in depth the processes involved in mentoring relationships for women and men, the effectiveness of these relationships from the perspective of proteges, the relationship of mentoring experiences to career productivity, or the links between one's experience as a protege and later mentoring activities as a senior scholar. This study addresses these issues using questionnaire data gathered from a nationally representative sample (N=400) of female and male scholars in three disciplines--sociology, chemistry and biochemistry, and physics and astronomy. Overall, analyses of the data implies that women and men appear to do equally well in terms of productivity over the career cycle. Although women have slightly less effective relationships with mentors, collaborate with them, and work less with eminent mentors in some disciplines, these factors do not appear to handicap them in long-term productivity. However, several cautions are raised about the findings, which are suggested as issues that require further study. (Contains 37 references and 7 tables of statistical data.) (DB)
Publication Type: Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: Office of Educational Research and Improvement (ED), Washington, DC.
Authoring Institution: N/A