ERIC Number: ED357995
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1988
Reference Count: N/A
Children in Wartime: The Second World War in the Lives of America's Home-Front Children.
Tuttle, William M., Jr.
This paper discusses the impact of World War II on the lives of U.S. home-front children--that is, the boys and girls born between 1933 and 1945 who were children during the war and were still preadolescents when the war ended. The paper proceeds by discussing, first, the topical approach to the subject used in this essay; second, the ways in which sociology has guided the research and analysis it contains; and third, by suggesting collaborative efforts that could be undertaken by interdisciplinary research groups of social historians and social scientists. Finally, it is suggested that in studying U.S. children on the Second World War homefront, the historian should explore topics that were not only important at the time, but have had significant developmental consequences throughout the lives of these children. The most important topics appear to be: wartime migration of families and children; family formation: the sharp increase in marriages and births between 1940 and 1945; children's health during wartime; war separation and the rearrangement of family roles; children's homefront participation in wartime; war's psychological and emotional effects; nonwhite children's experiences during the war; war's effect on child-rearing advice and practices; the scope and effect of wartime governmental policies regarding children; and readjustments for family members due to fathers returning from military service and mothers from wartime jobs. (DB)
Publication Type: Information Analyses; Speeches/Meeting Papers; Opinion Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the American Sociological Association (August, 1988). For a related paper, see SO 022 859.