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ERIC Number: ED357990
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1992
Pages: 18
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: N/A
ISBN: N/A
ISSN: N/A
Triggering the Gender Schema: A Theoretical Proposition.
Freedman, Susan A.
This paper explores the relationship between the gender schema and sex typing. Drawing on previous research and personal experience, the suggestion is made that the two are distinct and separate, not necessarily co-occurring. It is further suggested that it is possible to activate the gender schema situationally. This will affect women of different sex types differently, but may have implications for their mental health regardless of sex type. Sex typing and gender schematicity are seen as distinct entities. While some researchers have suggested that individuals who are gender schematic also are sex-typed, others have suggested that one may be schematic for opposite-gender information. Cognitive structures or maps used in the processing of gender related information are referred to as gender schemas. Sex typing refers to societal expectations based on what is thought to be 'appropriate' for one or the other gender. The use of the gender schema to conform to society's expectations may cause difficulties for the woman who is herself experiencing its activation. Femininity has been found to be correlated with poorer mental health. This may be due to the specific qualities stereotypically seen as female, as well as to the limiting aspects of rigid gender roles. (Contains 25 references.) (Author)
Publication Type: Information Analyses; Opinion Papers
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A