ERIC Number: ED357982
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1992
Reference Count: N/A
Comparing Empirically Historical Awareness in East and West Germany.
Borries, Bodo von; Lehmann, Rainer H.
A study compared the historical awareness of 2,000 East and West German children in the sixth, ninth, and twelfth grades. Because of differing school systems and the general design of the study, researchers analyzed ninth grade data. The study was conducted during the disintegration and reunification of Germany. Students from the two regions viewed some historical eras much differently. For instance, East Germans were more likely to view Martin Luther as a liberator who paved the way for the Age of Enlightenment, but were also more likely to condemn the European settlement of North America. West Germans were ambivalent about the French Revolution, which the Eastern students viewed sympathetically. Among the students of the German Democratic Republic, Nazism was associated with public order and work for all, while their counterparts in the Federal Republic emphasized the extermination of the Jews and the destruction of warfare. East German students seemed somewhat superior in cognition and basic value orientation, but appeared less internationalistic and left oriented than West German students. Such comparisons should continue, not only within Germany and not just among students. A planned European study may help define more precisely the cultural background of historical consciousness in Germany. (LBG)
Descriptors: Attitude Measures, Cognitive Development, Cross Cultural Studies, Elementary School Students, Foreign Countries, Grade 12, Grade 6, Grade 9, History, Intermediate Grades, Political Socialization, Secondary Education, Secondary School Students, Social Science Research, Student Attitudes, World Views
Publication Type: Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: East Germany; Germany; West Germany