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ERIC Number: ED357938
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1989
Pages: 19
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: N/A
ISBN: N/A
ISSN: N/A
The Identification and Modification of Situational Fears Associated with Outdoor Recreation.
Ewert, Alan
This paper examines the effect of participation in an Outward Bound course on participant levels of situational fears. Patterns of situational fears were studied with regard to: (1) fears before, immediately after, and 1 year following the Outward Bound course; (2) the intensity of these fears; and (3) relationship of fears to gender, age, and length of course. The sample included 311 students (74 percent male) and 53 instructors. Most of the 23 specific situational fears identified were sociological or psychological in nature, rather than physical. Results showed a trend toward reduced levels of fear at posttest and 1-year follow-up. Instructors typically overestimated how fearful their students were for most situations. Immediately after the course, older students and males reported lower levels of fear than did younger students and females. Results failed to show a noteworthy effect due to course length. (KS)
Publication Type: Speeches/Meeting Papers; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A