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ERIC Number: ED357936
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1989
Pages: 15
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: N/A
Outward Bound Leadership Model: An Exploratory Study of Leadership Variables.
Bartley, Natalie L.
A field study of 29 mountain-course instructors at the Colorado Outward Bound School (COBS) explored the relationships of gender-related personality traits and soft skills to outdoor leadership styles and course outcomes. Soft skills are competencies necessary for effective interpersonal helping skills, as opposed to hard skills, which are technical competencies. The instructors were pretested on the Outward Bound Impact Study Inventory, the Bem Personality Inventory, the Leadership Behavior Questionnaire (Form XXII), and the Soft Skills Background Questionnaire. Students attending the COBS 23-day mountain courses rated instructor leadership style and their own course experiences and outcomes. Five supervisors also rated the instructors' leadership styles and course outcomes. Results indicate that gender schema personality traits and previous soft-skills training of instructors were positively associated with students' course outcomes. However, instructor leadership style was not significantly associated with course outcomes. Gender had some effect on leadership style. Outward Bound schools and experiential education programs should actively pursue the development of a soft-skills training curriculum for instructors. (KS)
Publication Type: Speeches/Meeting Papers; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A