ERIC Number: ED357906
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1993-Mar
Reference Count: N/A
Integrated Services: A Summary for Rural Educators. ERIC Digest.
Lutfiyya, M. Nawal
"Integrated services" refers to the collaborative delivery of educational, health, and social services for children and families such that families have a single point of entry into the delivery system. In some states, attempts to integrate social service delivery are part of education reform legislation. In Kentucky, schools link the service-delivery system with families and often have service centers located in school buildings. Such school-linked models are based on the assumption that school is often the dominant community institution, particularly in rural areas, and is the most convenient place to identify children in need of services. In West Virginia, community-based Family Resource Networks will provide services to all children and families. Proponents of community-based models argue that a community center provides a neutral nonthreatening location for persons disaffected by schooling and is not tied into the school bureaucracy. Whatever the model, the principles of case management are central to the idea of integrated services. Integration implies that the "case" is not the client but rather the array of services suited to the client's needs. Much of recent policymaking related to families has focused on central cities. While resembling suburban children in terms of race and family structure, problems of poverty and lack of services show that rural children are actually more like the children of the inner cities. Service integration programs, accompanied by a viable range of necessary services, could meet these rural needs. (SV)
Descriptors: Ancillary School Services, Community Services, Delivery Systems, Elementary Secondary Education, Family Programs, Human Services, Rural Areas, Rural Schools
ERIC/CRESS, Appalachia Educational Laboratory, P.O. Box 1348, Charleston, WV 25325 (free).
Publication Type: ERIC Publications; ERIC Digests in Full Text
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: Office of Educational Research and Improvement (ED), Washington, DC.
Authoring Institution: ERIC Clearinghouse on Rural Education and Small Schools, Charleston, WV.