ERIC Number: ED357899
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1991-Dec
Reference Count: N/A
State Legislation Relating to Native Americans, 1991.
Reed, James B.
State Legislative Report, v16 n9 Dec 1991
This report summarizes legislative activities in states that enacted bills and resolutions relating to Native Americans in 1991. Conflicts between states and the Indian tribes within their borders were the subject of significant legislation in 1991. In all, 220 bills and resolutions were introduced in state legislatures; 77 passed and 20 are still pending. The bills address a variety of issues and resolutions, including repatriation of Indian burial remains, gaming, taxation, education, the use of peyote in Indian religious ceremonies, organization of Indian commissions and state-tribal committees, water rights, law enforcement, fishing and hunting, land development, housing, economic development, health care, and Indian crafts. Several factors are commanding increasing legislative attention to Native American affairs: (1) the tendency of the Supreme Court in recent years to render decisions unfavorable to tribal interests; (2) an increased number of Native American state legislators; (3) the delegation by Congress of federal regulatory activities to the tribes; and (4) a heightened awareness of the contribution of Native Americans and greater assertiveness by Native Americans to exercise self-determination. Included are a state-by-state description of legislative activity and the number of Native American legislators in each state. The appendix contains summaries of all enacted and pending legislation, by state. (KS)
Descriptors: Alaska Natives, American Indian Education, American Indians, Economic Development, Federal Indian Relationship, Health Services, Higher Education, State Legislation, Tribal Sovereignty
National Conference of State Legislatures, Book Order Department, 1560 Broadway, Suite 700, Denver, CO 80202 ($5; free to legislative leaders and selected groups.)
Publication Type: Legal/Legislative/Regulatory Materials; Information Analyses; Collected Works - Serials
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: National Conference of State Legislatures, Denver, CO.