ERIC Number: ED357883
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1993-Mar
Reference Count: N/A
Heymans' Adolescence Inquiry and the Big Five: Data Collected in Holland in 1908 and Re-analyzed in 1992.
Kohnstamm, Geldolph A.
This study reanalyzed data collected by Heymans and Wiersma in 1908 in response to a questionnaire sent to secondary school teachers in the Netherlands. The 81-item questionnaire asked teachers about the characteristics of the behavior and character of their students (numbering close to 4,000). The reanalysis involved 72 questions that provided data on 1,810 students. The 1908 questionnaire assessed such student characteristics as precision, discrimination, impulsiveness, restlessness, resistance, wantonness, anger, stubbornness, and calmness. First, a factor analysis of the 1908 data revealed that the students' characteristics were grouped into five factors. Second, the traits identified in the 1908 data were categorized according to a system of classifying personality characteristics based on a five factor model (FFM). Finally, the factors identified in the factor analysis were compared to the factors given in the FFM-based classification. Results of this comparison indicated that: (1) the first factor from the factor analysis was a mixture of FFM factors "Openness to Experience" and "Conscientiousness"; (2) the second factor corresponded to FFM factor "Extraversion"; (3) the third factor corresponded to FFM factor "Agreeableness"; (4) the fourth factor was a mixture of FFM factors "Agreeableness" and "Emotional Stability"; and (5) the fifth factor contained mostly elements of FFM factor "Emotional Stability," but also contained elements of FFM factors "Agreeableness" and "Conscientiousness." (BC)
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: Netherlands