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ERIC Number: ED357866
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1993-Mar
Pages: 8
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: N/A
Use of High-Risk Parents for Developmental Screening.
Squires, Jane; And Others
To determine whether parents in families that live in high-risk environments accurately complete developmental questionnaires to be used in identifying infants at-risk for developmental delay, this study evaluated 54 at-risk and 43 nonrisk parent-infant dyads. Risk dyads included those living in extreme poverty and those with mothers whose maternal age was 19 or younger, with mothers who had less than a 12th grade education, and with parents who were involved with Children's Protective Services for reported abuse or neglect of their children. All parents completed Infant/Child Monitoring Questionnaires when their infants were 4, 8, 12, 16, 20, and 24 months old. At 12 and 24 months, children were assessed by a professional examiner using the Bayley Scales of Infant Development. Parents' accuracy was examined by comparing their classification of their infant's performance as normal or abnormal with the classification derived from professional assessment. Concurrent validity of the Infant/Child Monitoring Questionnaires, using the Bayley Scales as the criterion measure, was also investigated. Analysis showed that overall, the sensitivity and specificity of the questionnaires were in the acceptable ranges for a screening instrument. Results from this study suggest that although information from some at-risk parents must be regarded with suspicion, developmental information obtained from parents in high-risk environments can be accurate and useful in screening infants for developmental delay. (MM)
Publication Type: Speeches/Meeting Papers; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A