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ERIC Number: ED357861
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1993
Pages: 26
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: N/A
Gender Differences in Academic Motivational Orientations: American and Chinese Students.
Leung, Jupian J.; And Others
The study described in this paper involved 333 American students in Wisconsin and 375 Chinese students in Hong Kong in grades 8, 10, and 12. The study focused on 3 areas: (1) gender differences in perception of causal attributions of success or failure in school; (2) the relationship of gender to achievement goal orientation; and (3) cross-cultural differences in academic motivational orientations. Children completed English language questionnaires that gathered demographic information and assessed several factors related to children's academic motivational orientations. Results indicated that girls from both cultures felt the cause for their success in schoolwork as more internal and controllable, and were more likely to attribute their failure in schoolwork to lack of effort than were boys. These results suggested that both American and Chinese girls felt a stronger sense of personal responsibility for their academic achievement than their male counterparts. Compared to American boys, American girls were more likely to attribute their failure in schoolwork to the difficulty of the task, and scored higher on measures of task goals and social solidarity goals. (TJQ)
Publication Type: Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: Hong Kong; United States