ERIC Number: ED357848
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1993-Mar
The Relationship between Parent Involvement and Student Achievement: A Review of the Literature.
Illinois State Board of Education, Springfield, Dept. of Planning, Research and Evaluation.
The forms of parent involvement explored by researchers are varied, ranging from parents' encouragement of their children in the home to intense parent-school partnerships in which parents are involved in every aspect of the educational process. This paper summarizes selected studies of parent involvement which fall within the following three major categories: (1) parent-child relationships in the home; (2) parent training or involvement in performance contracts; and (3) parent-school-community partnerships. The research on parent behaviors and attitudes at home which promote children's learning indicates that parental encouragement of positive attitudes towards education and high expectations for student success have a profoundly positive effect on student achievement. The literature on parent training or involvement in performance contracts focuses on attempts by educators to provide parents with skills they can employ to foster their children's learning process. The studies on parent-school partnership models stress the involvement of parents in decision making and every other aspect of the educational process. The research cited in this review provides evidence that parent involvement is positively related to gains in achievement for students at all levels of income. (Contains 18 references.) (SM)
Publication Type: Information Analyses
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: Illinois State Board of Education, Springfield, Dept. of Planning, Research and Evaluation.