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ERIC Number: ED357816
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1991-Apr
Pages: 31
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: N/A
Media Use among Preschool Children as a Function of Income and Media Options.
St. Peters, Michelle; And Others
This study examined television viewing patterns among 89 children of 2 and 4 years of age and their families. The purpose was to describe television and VCR viewing patterns among young children as a function of family characteristics and media options in the home. Information about family structure, income, media availability, child care arrangements, and other family characteristics was obtained through parent and child interviews. Parents were interviewed in person and by telephone about their child's television viewing for the previous day on at least three different occasions. Weekly viewing hours were calculated from the interview data. Programs were classified as child informative, child entertainment, or adult programs. There were no differences in the total amount of viewing as a function of media availability. However, media options made a difference in the types of programs children watched. Children who had VCRs or cable subscription watched twice as much child entertainment programming and less adult programming than did children without these options. Children who attended day care watched television about seven hours a week less than did other children. Total weekly viewing was higher for children from low-income or single-parent households than for children from high-income and two-parent families. Three tables and six figures are attached. (Contains 15 references.) (GLR)
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A