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ERIC Number: ED357769
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1993-Apr
Reference Count: N/A
Public Libraries in the United States: 1991. E.D. TABS.
State and national FY91 data are aggregated from individual public libraries in the United States. These data were collected under the fourth annual census of the Federal-State Cooperative System (FSCS) in July of 1992. Respondents for this voluntary census were 9,050 public libraries identified in the 50 states and the District of Columbia by state library agencies. This report begins by presenting highlights of the findings, including the following: over 69% of the population of legally served areas in the United States is served by 959 (nearly 11 percent) public libraries and their outlets; public libraries reported a total of 108,187 paid full time equivalent staff; and nationwide, public libraries reported nearly 629 million book and serial volumes, 20 million audio materials, about 615,000 films, and over 5.5 million video materials in their collections. The introduction then describes the universe represented by the data, data collection and use of technology, quality review, and unit and item responses to the survey. Also included are caveats for using the data, information for ordering related machine-readable data and publications, and a source for additional information on public library statistics. The data are presented in 16 pairs of tables, which make up the major part of the report. These tables summarize information that was supplied to National Center for Education Statistics (NCES) in machine-readable format by state library agencies on a voluntary basis. The information includes data on staffing, service outlets, operating income and expenditures, size of collection, and service measures such as reference transactions, interlibrary loans, circulation, and public service hours. Four appendices provide information on the background of the FSCS; data error messages and historical data check criteria; characteristics file specifications; and data element specifications for 1991. (MES)
Descriptors: Branch Libraries, Financial Support, Interlibrary Loans, Library Circulation, Library Collections, Library Expenditures, Library Personnel, Library Services, Library Statistics, Library Surveys, National Surveys, Nonprint Media, Public Libraries, Reference Services, State Libraries
U.S. Government Printing Office, Superintendent of Documents, Mail Stop: SSOP, Washington, DC 20402-9328 (Stock No. 065-000-00561-1, $7.50).
Publication Type: Numerical/Quantitative Data; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: National Center for Education Statistics (ED), Washington, DC.
Note: For the 1990 report, see ED 346 887.