ERIC Number: ED357558
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1993-Apr
Places, Spaces and Memory Traces: Showing Students with Learning Disabilities Ways to Remember Locations and Events on Maps.
Brigham, Frederick J.
This study examined the memory-enhancing effects of elaborative and mnemonic encoding of information presented with maps, compared to more traditional, non-mnemonic maps, on recall of locations of events and information associated with those events by 72 middle school students with learning disabilities. Subjects were presented with map-like displays containing names of battles of the American Revolution and related factual information via either: (1) a non-mnemonic control map with realistic drawings of buildings, soldiers, weapons, etc. found in the time period; (2) a mnemonic map with mnemonic-keywords of verbal labels; or (3) an elaborative map with reconstructive elaborations of the verbal labels and event information. Findings indicated that recall of location was significantly enhanced by mnemonic keyword encoding of verbal labels, that mnemonic encoding of location labels produced no significant gain in recall of related factual information, that locations were more often recalled than events, that only elaborative encoding resulted in a significant difference in the conditional probability of associating events with their locations, and that mnemonic strategy use was positively and significantly correlated with recall measures. Battle names, associated information, keywords, and elaborations are listed on an attachment. (DB)
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Conference of the Council for Exceptional Children (71st, San Antonio, TX, April 5-9, 1993).