ERIC Number: ED357506
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1992-Nov
Reference Count: N/A
Demographic Characteristics Associated with Perceived Self Efficacy Levels of Elementary, Middle, and Secondary Principals.
DeMoulin, Donald F.
Findings of a study that examined the perceptions held by principals about their levels of self-efficacy are presented in this paper. Self-efficacy refers to the belief that one can successfully execute a behavior to achieve a given outcome. Data were collected from a questionnaire that was mailed to 375 principals (125 elementary, middle, and secondary) in the midsouthern and northeastern United States. The questionnaire was designed to measure the relationships among motivation, confidence, and stress to create a perceived level of self-efficacy. High-efficacy principals (those who reported the highest levels of self-efficacy) across all three education levels said that they had minimal additional duty assignments and used fewer sick days. Principals across all three levels with moderate levels of self-efficacy were characterized by a high number of additional duty assignments and a high number of sick/personal days. Low-efficacy principals across all three levels reported that they had lower salaries, higher building populations, a high number of additional duty assignments, and used an extremely high number of sick/personal days. A conclusion is that further research on demographic variables that affect principals' efficacy is needed. Periodic measurements of efficacy are recommended for understanding principal effectiveness in the school environment. Six tables are included. (Contains 16 references.) (LMI)
Publication Type: Speeches/Meeting Papers; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the Mid-South Educational Research Association (Knoxville, TN, November 11-13, 1992).