ERIC Number: ED357460
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1991-Jun
Reference Count: N/A
Fiscal Shock, Wage Compression, and Structural Reform: Mexican Adjustment and Educational Policy in the 1980s. Special Subseries: Fiscal Policy and the Poor. Innocenti Occasional Papers Economic Policy Series, Number 17.
In 1981, at the end of a long period of economoic growth in the Mexican economy, the national education system had grown considerably to where one out of three citizens was enrolled in school. Student enrollment for 1981-82 was 22.7 million, almost double enrollment for 1970. Close to 90 percent of those students were in primary and secondary education. During the period 1970-81, secondary school enrollment grew at an annual rate of 10.6 percent. Secondary education was available to 86.6 percent of children graduating from primary school. However, schools still experienced high rates of failure and desertion. Advances were also made in higher education, in fighting adult illiteracy, and in helping those who had not finished primary or secondary education. However, from 1982 to 1988, Mexico experienced increased social and economic polarization due to a financial crisis. Consequently, educational advances lost momentum. In some areas of postprimary education, program coverage declined. There was a lack of educational models to meet new demands, and economic hardship on the poorest sectors of society increased. Adult illiteracy also increased, and educational disparities between states continued. Authorities' efforts to counteract the effects of the economic crisis on education were inadequate and lacked national and international support. (Contains 39 references.) (JPT)
Publication Type: Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: United Nations Children's Fund, Florence (Italy).
Identifiers - Location: Mexico