ERIC Number: ED357442
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1993-Apr
How Much Are Schools Spending? A 50-State Examination of Expenditure Patterns over the Last Decade.
Augenblick, John; And Others
Since publication of "A Nation at Risk" in 1983, state and local expenditures for education have increased significantly, from $108.4 billion a decade ago to $210.4 billion by 1991-92. On average, per-pupil spending for 1991-92 was more than $1,250, or 30 percent, above the level required to keep pace with inflation during the 1980s. State per-pupil support increased an average of $95 per year above inflation through 1990-91. Similarly, local per-pupil support increased about $99 per year above inflation through 1989-90. In most states, the increased expenditures went toward higher salaries and to improve teacher-student ratios. Several factors influenced spending levels for different expenditures: strength of state and local economies, changes in enrollment, voter attitudes, school-finance legislation, and funding competition between schools and other social services. By 1991-92, state expenditures for education were lagging behind inflation. Local support, by 1989-90, barely matched inflation. Thus, if the findings of "A Nation at Risk" led to increased education spending, the effect either wore off or was overwhelmed by other factors. Included in an appendix are 10 tables on different aspects of per-pupil expenditure, state support, local support, instructional staff salaries, instructional staff-pupil ratios, and state cost-of-living indices. (JPT)
Descriptors: Educational Finance, Elementary Secondary Education, Expenditure per Student, Expenditures, Financial Support, Public Schools, Salaries, School District Spending, School Funds, State Aid, State School District Relationship, State Surveys
ECS Distribution Center, 707 17th Street, Suite 2700, Denver, CO 80202-3427 (Stock No. SF-93-2: $7.50; quantity discounts).
Publication Type: Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: Andrew W. Mellon Foundation, New York, NY.
Authoring Institution: Education Commission of the States, Denver, CO.