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ERIC Number: ED357337
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1993-Apr
Pages: 12
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: N/A
ISBN: N/A
ISSN: N/A
Lessons from Four "Bronze Muses" or How the Rhetoric of Nineteenth Century African-American Women Can Inform Writing Instruction in the Twenty-First Century.
Logan, Shirley W.
Considering the rhetorical strategies four 19th-century black women employed to address various audiences can be helpful in the continuing struggle to find effective means of teaching writing to college students. These four women used a variety of strategies to reach audiences which were, to one degree or another, hostile to them because of their race and their gender. An analysis of Maria Stewart's history-making speech at Boston's Franklin Hall in 1832 reveals how dissimilar interests--in her case, political and religious interests--can produce a powerful appeal to action. An analysis of Sojourner Truth's memorable maternal eloquence on the central issues facing mid-century black and white women reveals how her humor and the overwhelming force of her physical presence compelled her audience. Frances Harper's speeches to established women's organizations in the 1890s demonstrate the skill of adapting messages to widely varying groups. In addition to evincing skill in audience accommodation, Harper's 40 year public rhetorical career provides studies in tactics of invention, style, and particularly in delivery. Ida Wells' historic rhetorical campaign against mob violence provides models for stylistic imitation and the force of logical appeal reinforced with statistics and documented reports. Using these speeches in the writing classroom has the additional advantage of giving students the opportunity to hear diverse and frequently silenced voices from earlier times in the classrooms of the 21st century. (SAM)
Publication Type: Historical Materials; Opinion Papers; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A