ERIC Number: ED357316
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1993
Reference Count: N/A
Multicultural Counseling. ERIC Digest.
Locke, Don C.
Multiculturalism has been defined as the fourth force in psychology, one which complements the psychodynamic, behavioral, and humanistic explanations of human behavior. Pederson's (1991) definition of multiculturalism leads to the inclusion of a large number of variables making multiculturalism generic to all counseling relationships. Locke (1990) has advocated a narrower definition of multiculturalism, particularly as it relates to counseling. In this definition attention is directed toward the racial/ethnic minority groups within that culture. The effective counselor is one who can adapt the counseling models, theories, or techniques to the individual needs of each client. This skill requires that the counselor be able to see the client both as an individual and as a member of a particular cultural group. Multicultural counseling requires the recognition of the importance of racial/ethnic group membership on the socialization of the client; the importance and the uniqueness of the individual; the presence and place of values in the counseling process; and the uniqueness of learning styles, vocational goals, and life purposes of clients. The Multicultural Awareness Continuum is linear and the process is developmental. It is best understood as a lifelong process. It includes self-awareness; awareness of one's own culture; awareness of racism, sexism, and poverty; awareness of individual differences; awareness of other cultures; awareness of diversity; and skills/techniques. (ABL)
Publication Type: ERIC Publications; ERIC Digests in Full Text
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: Office of Educational Research and Improvement (ED), Washington, DC.
Authoring Institution: ERIC Clearinghouse on Counseling and Personnel Services, Ann Arbor, MI.