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ERIC Number: ED357310
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1992
Pages: 12
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: N/A
Adolescents' Opposite-sex Ideal in Four Countries.
Gibbons, Judith L.; And Others
A number of cross-cultural researchers have proposed that the most important dimension of cross-cultural variation is that of individualism-collectivism. It seems likely that general cultural dimensions such as individualism and collectivism might be expressed in ideas about potential mates. The purpose of this study was to directly compare the rankings of importance of 10 qualities of the opposite-sex ideal for young adolescent in four countries, the individualistic nations of Iceland and the United States, and the more collectivist nations of Mexico and Guatemala. Participants, 600 young adolescents 11 to 16 years old, included 49 students from Iceland, 341 students from the United States, 88 from Mexico, and 122 from Guatemala. The questionnaire was administered in the local language. Although significant differences in the qualities of the opposite-sex ideal were demonstrated, the values expressed did not correspond to the country groupings according to individualism and collectivism. Only in their rankings of the quality of being very intelligent did adolescents from the collectivist nations Mexico and Guatemala respond similarly to each other, and significantly differently from the individualistic nations of the United States and Iceland. Thus, while adolescents' views of the opposite-sex ideal reflect their cultural values, the four nationalities each generated a unique pattern of values. (ABL)
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: Guatemala; Iceland; Mexico