ERIC Number: ED357260
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1993-May-14
Occupational Skill Standards. Experience Shows Industry Involvement To Be Key. Testimony before the Committee on Labor and Human Resources, U.S. Senate.
Morra, Linda G.
A study reviewed eight standards and certification systems for occupations that required less than a bachelor's degree for entry-level employment. Common elements among systems included industry ownership and control, recertification requirements to keep certificate holders' skills current, national portability of credentials, and integration of industry standards with education providers through some sort of accreditation program. Several obstacles to the development and expanded use of skill standards and certification in the United States were identified: high costs for development and maintenance, long time periods required for acceptance, difficulties in developing industry coalitions and getting them to agree on standards, lack of a structure for promoting standards across industry, lack of uniform definition of occupations across employers, and problems in bringing all stakeholders together to develop these systems. The Departments of Labor and Education were supporting the skill standards and certification processes through grant funding and other research activities. However, regarding any federal role, discussions with certification sponsors made it clear that industry ownership and control was seen as essential to the development and acceptance of standards and certification systems. (YLB)
Descriptors: Educational Certificates, Federal Government, Government Role, Industry, Job Skills, Postsecondary Education, School Business Relationship, Secondary Education, Standards, Student Certification, Vocational Education
U.S. General Accounting Office, P.O. Box 6015, Gaithersburg, MD 20884-6105 (first copy free; additional copies $2 each; 100 or more: 25% discount).
Publication Type: Legal/Legislative/Regulatory Materials
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: General Accounting Office, Washington, DC. Div. of Human Resources.