ERIC Number: ED357254
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1992
Reference Count: N/A
Self-Employment in the United Kingdom and Germany.
Meager, Nigel; And Others
In a comparison of self-employment patterns in Germany and the United Kingdom, data from the Labour Force Survey (United Kingdom) and Mikrozensus (Germany) were analyzed to identify the personal characteristics of self-employed individuals in the two countries, the characteristics of their self-employed activity, and movement in and out of self-employment. An overview of the similarities and differences between self-employment in Germany and the United Kingdom was then developed. It established that both countries experienced absolute and relative increases in self-employment in the 1980s (3.2 million workers or 12 percent of the work force in the United Kingdom; 2.5 million or 9 percent in Germany). Growth of self-employment has been faster in the United Kingdom. The profile of the self-employed in the two countries turned out to be very similar. In both countries, however, the self-employed are a very heterogeneous group, and it is likely that the different types of self-employed people are subject to very different influences, including the following: economic cycle, unemployment, structural changes in the economy, demographic changes, employer behavior, government policies, institutional and legislative framework, and attitudinal change. (A report on self-employment in the former German Democratic Republic and "new Lander" and 83 references are appended.) (MN)
Descriptors: Comparative Analysis, Demography, Economic Factors, Employment Opportunities, Employment Patterns, Entrepreneurship, Foreign Countries, Individual Characteristics, Labor Market, National Surveys, Public Policy, Self Employment
BEBC, 15 Albion Close, Parkstone, Poole, Dorset BH12 3LL, England, United Kingdom (5 British pounds).
Publication Type: Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: Anglo-German Foundation for the Study of Industrial Society, London (England).
Identifiers - Location: Germany; United Kingdom